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However, only half of the striking force reached their objective. [3] In the only two invasions of the United States during the war, a small Japanese force occupied the islands … The Aleutian Islands Campaign was a struggle over the Aleutian Islands, part of the Alaska Territory, in the American theater and the Pacific theater of World War II starting on 3 June 1942. In June 1942, some 8,500 Japanese personnel, supported by naval forces, occupied the islands of Attu and Kiska, American parts of Alaska at the western end of the Aleutian island chain. 24 May 1943 : US troops mopped up the final Japanese opposition groups in the Aleutian Islands. In early June 1942, Japanese forces attacked the American military facilities at Dutch Harbor, Alaska, kicking off the 13 month Aleutian Islands Campaign. The campaign also cost the U.S. Navy 3 ships sunk and 2 others heavily damaged. Because United States Naval Intelligence had broken the Japanese naval codes, Admiral Chester Nimitz had learned by May 21 of Yamamoto's plans, including the Aleutian diversion, the strength of both Yamamoto's and Hosogaya's fleets, and that Hosogaya would open the fight on June 1 or shortly thereafter. Island secure, the Battle of the Aleutian Islands ended. Two Japanese cruisers were damaged, with 14 men killed and 26 wounded. With that force, Hosogaya was first to launch an … As of June 1, 1942, United States military strength in Alaska stood at 45,000 men, with about 13,000 at Cold Bay (Fort Randall) on the tip of the Alaskan Peninsula and at two Aleutian bases: the naval facility at Dutch Harbor on Unalaska Island, 200 miles (320 km) west of Cold Bay, and the recently built Fort Glenn Army Airfield 70 miles (110 km) west of the naval station on Umnak Island. The campaign began on June 3, 1942 with the first attacks by Japanese warplanes and ended on August 15, 1943 with an Allied victory. He sank one and heavily damaged the others, killing or wounding 200 Japanese sailors. In mid-1942 Japanese forces attacked the Aleutians, a series of islands running southwest from the Alaska Peninsula. The Aleutian Islands Campaign was a military campaign conducted by the United States and Japan in the Aleutian Islands, part of the Territory of Alaska, in the American theater and the Pacific theater of World War II starting on 3 June 1942. American troops endure snow and ice during the Battle of Attu in May 1943. The campaign began on June 3, 1942 with the first attacks by Japanese warplanes and ended on August 15, 1943 with an Allied victory. The Aleutian Islands Campaign book. American forces reclaimed the island … Approximately 120 islands comprise the Aleutian chain, which stretches from the tip of the Alaskan peninsula to within 90 miles of Kamchatka. After furious, brutal, often hand-to-hand combat, the Japanese force was virtually exterminated. Dashiell Hammett spent most of World War II as an Army sergeant in the Aleutian Islands, where he edited an Army newspaper. Hosogaya's troops were to return to their ships and become a reserve for two additional landings: the first on Kiska, 240 miles (390 km) west of Adak, the other on the Aleutians' westernmost island, Attu, 180 miles (290 km) west from Kiska. American and Canadian troops later launched an invasion of Kiska, but Japanese forces … The Aleutian Islands Campaign was a struggle over the Aleutian Islands, part of the Alaska Territory, in the Pacific campaign of World War II starting on 3 June 1942. Abner Read''s stern was blown off on 18 August 1943 during operations off of Kiska by a Japanese sea mine strike. Goldstein, Donald M.; Dillon, Katherine V. (1992). In addition, 614 Americans died from disease, and 318 from miscellaneous causes, mainly Japanese booby traps or friendly fire. 21st Bomb Squadron B-24 Liberator Amchitka Alaska Mar 1943.jpg 1,210 × 841; 265 KB On August 15, 1943, an invasion force landed on Kiska in the wake of a sustained three-week barrage, only to discover that the Japanese had withdrawn from the island on July 29. USS William D. Porter (DD-579) in Massacre Bay, Attu, Aleutian Islands, with other destroyers, … After the 4th demonstrated their tactical advantage, the remaining Japanese forces were reported to commit mass suicide, with some Japanese soldiers rushing medical tents, where they detonated grenades among the wounded U.S. soldiers. USS William D. Porter (DD-579) in Massacre Bay, Attu, Aleutian Islands… A small Japanese force occupied the islands of Attu and Kiska, but the remoteness of the islands … USS Abner Read (DD-526): Research Team Uncovers a Legacy of Perseverance and Valor. But in the early 1940s the Aleutian Campaign was news throughout the U.S.. Little changed for the Unangax under Japanese occupation until September 1942 when Japan's Aleutian strategy shifted. 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