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Section 5 (g) of the Act contained a provision for conscientious objection:[3]. Lower numbers were called first. Any registrant, whether a national of the United States or an alien who because of his nationality or ancestry was within a class of persons not acceptable to armed forces or to Director of Selective Service for work of national importance, age 38 to 44 inclusive. Profile of US Servicemen (1941-1945) 38.8% (6,332,000) of U.S. servicemen and all servicewomen were volunteers; 61.2% (11,535,000) were draftees That is why it is called Selective Service; the draft selects those who, by virtue of their sex, age, physical and mental abilities, educational background and work skills, will best meet the military’s needs. Member of or honorably separated from armed forces of cobelligerent nation, later extended to include registrants separated from American Field Service or Merchant Marine and persons interned by an enemy nation. The calculator, of course, does not use your birth year because many of us were born well after the Vietnam War. If you were an able bodied young man, you had better have expected to serve two years, odds being it would be in the Army. Available for noncombatant military service, age 38 to 44 inclusive. Unlike World War II, there were no lines to sign up for service. "Final Roll-Calls on Draft Bill". 232–124 in the House, with 186 Democrats and 46 Republicans in favor, 32 Democrats, 88 Republicans, and 4 others against. Copyrights © 2017 Slushpile. The U.S. entered World War 2 with a very small standing army. Conscientious objector, under 26 years of age, acceptable under lowered physical standards for work of national importance. If one person was left to take care of an ill parent would that exclude them from war service in WW2? From October 1940 until March 1947, when the wartime Selective Training and Service Act expired after extensions by Congress, over 10,000,000 men were inducted. At the height of the draft, it was almost a certainty unless you were crippled or fell under one of several exemptions. Any such person claiming such exemption from combatant training and service because of such conscientious objections whose claim is sustained by the local draft board shall, if he is inducted into the land or naval forces under this Act, be assigned to noncombatant service as defined by the President, or shall if he is found to be conscientiously opposed to participation in such noncombatant service, in lieu of such induction, be assigned to work of national importance under civilian direction. Conscientious objector, deferred by reason of being 28 and over. Public official deferred by law, age 38 to 44 inclusive. After the United States entered World War II, a new Selective Service Act required that all men between the ages of 18 and 64 register for the draft. Conscientious objector, available for or assigned to civilian work of national importance, age 38 to 44 inclusive. Conflict and Number of … Discharged (honorably) from the armed forces. Any registrant, whether a national of the United States or an alien who because of his nationality or ancestry was within a class of persons not acceptable to armed forces or to Director of Selective Service for work of national importance. The government did “draft” (involuntarily conscript) a lot retirees, but not for combat. When the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 was signed by President Roosevelt, men aged 21 to 35 were registered. age 38 to 44 inclusive. Conscription in the United States, commonly known as the draft, has been employed by the federal government of the United States in six conflicts: the American Revolutionary War, the American Civil War, World War I, World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War. II-A previously found qualified for limited military service. I saw Mad Men and one of the characters who was also a Doctor, was promoted to Captain immediately after training. On August 12, the United States House of Representatives approved the extension by a single vote;[4] Roosevelt's former Secretary of War Harry Woodring was among those opposed, writing to Senator Arthur Vandenberg that voluntary enlistment had not been fully tried. 885, enacted September 16, 1940,[1] was the first peacetime conscription in United States history. Your ancestor may have been drafted, but never called up for service, so even if your ancestor never went to war, be sure to look for him in draft records. Those deemed more valuable to the home front have been granted exemptions and exclusions. Not liable for military service. The American Army at the time was almost non-existent as a major fighting force. —C.O. Deferred both by reason of dependency and by agricultural occupation, age 38 to 44 inclusive. This initial draft worked via a random lottery, but what happened to the draftees? "[6] The Senate approved it by a wider margin, and Roosevelt signed the Service Extension Act of 1941 into law on August 18. In 1940, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Selective Training and Service Act into law, creating America's first peacetime draft and establishing the Selective Service as an independent federal agency. By far the largest numbers of men drafted through the Selective Service more than 10 million served in World War II. I do not know many grandparents of people that were of age and never served like mine. Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941, millions of American men entered the United States military's ranks both by volunteering and by conscription. During WWII, the Selective Service System conducted six draft registrations; these records are held collectively in two groupings at the National Archives - St. Louis. Rejected for military service, physical, mental, or moral reasons. Deferred for dependency reasons (re-established 11-15-45). Deferred in support of national health, safety, or interest, age 38 to 44 inclusive. The draft began in October 1940, with the first men entering military service on November 18. That is a tough query, if … From 1-1-43, men 38 to 44 years old were classified in Class IV-H. The U.S. held its first draft lottery on Dec. 1, 1969, giving young men a random number tied to their birthdays. All Rights Reserved. Rejected for military service, physical, mental, or moral reasons, and age 38 to 44 inclusive. If you have male ancestors who were born between 1872-1900 and were living in the U.S. in 1918 (immigrants and native-born citizens), be sure to check the World War I Draft Registration Records. Reconstructed for enemy alien not acceptable to armed forces and certain neutral aliens. Deferred by reason of extreme hardship and privation to wife, child, or parent. But as the war progressed, they found themselves running short of men thanks to events like Deippe and Normandy, and therefore they decided to have a draft in the late stages of the war, November 1944 to be precise. Favors Conscription But Woodring Is Opposed", Truman Library – Karl R. Bendetsen Oral History, October 24, 1972, Military history of the United States during World War II, Springwood birthplace, home, and gravesite, Little White House, Warm Springs, Georgia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Selective_Training_and_Service_Act_of_1940&oldid=991001555, United States federal defense and national security legislation, United States home front during World War II, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The draft was never popular, but during WWII it was deemed necessary. Although President Jimmy Carter lifted the suspension of mandator… Previously, I had always just assumed the stints were the usual four years that we associate with military duty. Man who had completed service. An Act to provide for the common defense by increasing the personnel of the armed forces of the United States and providing for its training. Once the U.S. entered WWII, draft terms extended through the duration of the fighting. Some 945K men were drafted in 1945 and 183K in 1946. See also Draft Deferment. But some indications are that it might have been two years. By the end of the war in 1945, 50 million men between eighteen and forty-five had registered for the draft and 10 million had been inducted in the military. Acceptable for limited military service, below standards for general military service (Conscientious objector and applicable to ages 18 to 25 only). The Selective Service Act, inaugurated on September 16, 1940, applied to men from their 21 st birthday through the last day of their 44 th year for potential enlistment, while men 18 through 65 had to register for the draft. The fall of France shocked Americans into realizing that America needed a credible army. Deferred in agriculture, age 38 to 44 inclusive. Draft Deferment: World War II. Most Americans when war broke out in Europe (1939) were determined to stay out of it. The first peacetime conscription in the United States, the act required all American men between the ages of 21 and 36 to register for the draft. But some indications are that it might have been two years. Desertions did occur, but they were not widespread. And what did Australian soldiers do when they went to WW2? Class III: Deferred because of dependency, Class IV: Unacceptable for military service. ? The Selective Training and Service Act of 1940, also known as the Burke–Wadsworth Act, Pub.L. Even if Clark were not among them, he would likely have been called up in the Korean War: 219K men were drafted in 1950, 551K in 1951, and 438K in 1952. When first proposed in 1940, pre-war conscription was extremely controversial. Conscription in America is commonly referred to as the dr… Conscientious objector available for limited service in civilian work of national importance. From 11-18-42 to 10-5-44, men 45 and older were classified in Class IV-A. But I’ve run into dead ends (maybe I’m just being stupid this morning) so maybe you can help answer my question. So he must have pulled some … Carl Zebrowski is the managing editor of America in WWII. Previously, I had always just assumed the stints were the usual four years that we associate with military duty. When the Draft occurred in WW2 and all fit men were drafted in, what happened to the lawyers and doctors, were they given Officer training and officer ranks, unlike those without an education and became an enlisted? U.S. Army Recruiting Command website screenshot ‘Digging for deferments’ Efforts to avoid the draft … It would have been impossible to raise the necessary forces with only volunteers. NOW: 17 Wild facts about the Vietnam War OR: Why Vietnam vet and Hollywood legend Dale Dye thinks ending the draft was a ‘terrible mistake’ Articles Here’s How US Navy SEALs Take Down A House. Joined: Jul 7, 2008 Messages: 9,713 Likes Received: 1,501. II-C previously found qualified for limited military service. While there have been occasional efforts to reintroduce the draft—most notably in the period following the September 11 attacks—the U.S. military in the 21st century is an all-volunteer body. During World War II there were seven draft registrations: October 16, 1940 - all men 21-31 years residing in the U.S. - whether native born, naturalized, or alien; July 1, 1941 - men who reached age 21 since the first registration; February 16, 1942 - men 20-21 and 35-44 years of age; April 27, 1942 - Men 45-64 years of age. Available for noncombatant limited military service (Conscientious objector). Deferred student, fit for general noncombatant military service. This classification was applicable in time of peace only, and on 12-11-41, local boards were ordered to reclassify all men in this class. Deferred in war production, age 38 to 44 inclusive. By the early summer of 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked the U.S. Congress to extend the term of duty for the draftees beyond twelve months to a total of thirty months, plus any additional time that he could deem necessary for national security. Thank you! Enlisted or inducted member of armed forces, age 38 to 44 inclusive. With German power growing in Europe, on September 16, 1940 the … He would thus have turned 18 in 1945. Draftees were selected by national lottery. I’m working on a story and have a question that I would have thought would be easy to answer. It was done in three phases. Inductees had to remain in the Western Hemisphere or in United States possessions or territories located in other parts of the world. For more information about induction statistics, call Selective Service at 703-605-4100. II-A previously rejected for military service. On June 20, 1940, Senator Ed Burke (D., NE) introduced a modified version of the MCTA bill in the Senate with Congressman James Wadsworth (R.… The U.S. is unlikely to have a war which requires national conscription anytime soon and there hasn’t been a real draft since the last days of the Vietnam War. Aaron akf86surf, Apr 12, 2011 #1. brndirt1 Saddle Tramp. Many of the soldiers drafted in October 1940 threatened to desert once the original twelve months of their service was up. By war’s end some 35 million men had registered and 10 million were drafted. Minister of religion or divinity student, age 38 to 44 inclusive. This Wikipedia entry (and we all know how you have to be somewhat careful with that) states, “An amendment [to the Selective Training and Service Act (STSA) of 1940] increased this to 18 months in 1941.” So maybe that’s the answer? Logan Nye. 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