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When the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 was signed by President Roosevelt, men aged 21 to 35 were registered. II-A previously rejected for military service. [5] As Under Secretary of the Army Karl R. Bendetsen said in an oral history interview, "Mr. Rayburn banged the gavel at a critical moment and declared the Bill had passed. For those born in 1950, however, being drafted in 1970 was a very real prospect. Conscription in the United States, commonly known as the draft, has been employed by the federal government of the United States in six conflicts: the American Revolutionary War, the American Civil War, World War I, World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War. Thank you! That is a tough query, if … Conscription in America is commonly referred to as the dr… Name Occupation Birth DeathKnown for; Dwayne Andreas: Business: 4-Mar-1918 : … Section 5 (g) of the Act contained a provision for conscientious objection:[3]. Once the U.S. entered WWII, draft terms extended through the duration of the fighting. Unlike World War II, there were no lines to sign up for service. By war’s end some 35 million men had registered and 10 million were drafted. Acceptable for limited military service, below standards for general military service (Conscientious objector and applicable to ages 18 to 25 only). Note that some of these individuals may have served later -- however, they received deferments initially. The U.S. held its first draft lottery on Dec. 1, 1969, giving young men a random number tied to their birthdays. Any registrant, whether a national of the United States or an alien who because of his nationality or ancestry was within a class of persons not acceptable to armed forces or to Director of Selective Service for work of national importance, age 38 to 44 inclusive. At the height of the draft, it was almost a certainty unless you were crippled or fell under one of several exemptions. Deferred by reason of extreme hardship and privation to wife, child, or parent. And unlike the Civil War, there was no paying a substitute to take your place. Inductees had to remain in the Western Hemisphere or in United States possessions or territories located in other parts of the world. Minister of religion or divinity student. The first phase was from June 5, 1917, to June 5, 1918, and was for men between the ages of 21 and 31. But some indications are that it might have been two years. Deferred for dependency reasons. Any registrant, whether a national of the United States or an alien who because of his nationality or ancestry was within a class of persons not acceptable to armed forces or to Director of Selective Service for work of national importance. Conscientious objector available for limited service in civilian work of national importance. Some 945K men were drafted in 1945 and 183K in 1946. Dear C.O. "Final Roll-Calls on Draft Bill". Conscientious objector, deferred by reason of being 28 and over. This article originally appeared in the December 2007 issue of the magazime. By the end of the war in 1945, 50 million men between eighteen and forty-five had registered for the draft and 10 million had been inducted in the military. 47–25 in the Senate, with 40 Democrats and 7 Republicans in favor, 13 Democrats, 10 Republicans, and 2 others against. Deferred student, fit for limited noncombatant military service. Available for limited noncombatant military service after correction of defects. Deferred in support of national health, safety, or interest, age 38 to 44 inclusive. But I’ve run into dead ends (maybe I’m just being stupid this morning) so maybe you can help answer my question. It turned out to be the first peacetime act in United States history. Available for noncombatant military service after correction of defects (Conscientious objector). —C.O. Conscientious objector, available for or assigned to civilian work of national importance. The draft began in October 1940, with the first men entering military service on November 18. Deferred for dependency reasons (re-established 11-15-45). The World War II Draft: On the eve of World War II, our country witnessed the passage of another national conscription act. The draft was never popular, but during WWII it was deemed necessary. During WW2, did the soldiers have their name pulled out of something, as no one wanted to voluntarily go to war, or did they do something else? Could have this been considered "draft dodging"? The draft began in October 1940, with the first men entering military service on November 18. Congress passed the Selective Training and Service Act (September 16, 1940), creating the country's first peacetime military conscription program. When the Draft occurred in WW2 and all fit men were drafted in, what happened to the lawyers and doctors, were they given Officer training and officer ranks, unlike those without an education and became an enlisted? Conscientious objector separated from work of national importance by issuance of a Certificate of Release. The act provided that not more than 900,000 men were to be in training at any one time. The American Army at the time was almost non-existent as a major fighting force. Favors Conscription But Woodring Is Opposed", Truman Library – Karl R. Bendetsen Oral History, October 24, 1972, Military history of the United States during World War II, Springwood birthplace, home, and gravesite, Little White House, Warm Springs, Georgia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Selective_Training_and_Service_Act_of_1940&oldid=991001555, United States federal defense and national security legislation, United States home front during World War II, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. "House Vote on Draft Bill", "F.D.R. Member of or honorably separated from armed forces of cobelligerent nation, later extended to include registrants separated from American Field Service or Merchant Marine and persons interned by an enemy nation. 203–202, with 182 Democrats and 21 Republicans in favor, 65 Democrats, 133 Republicans, and four others against. Profile of US Servicemen (1941-1945) 38.8% (6,332,000) of U.S. servicemen and all servicewomen were volunteers; 61.2% (11,535,000) were draftees This initial draft worked via a random lottery, but what happened to the draftees? Previously, I had always just assumed the stints were the usual four years that we associate with military duty. The Selective Training and Service Act of 1940, also known as the Burke–Wadsworth Act, Pub.L. For more information about induction statistics, call Selective Service at 703-605-4100. But still, the perception existed that with money and connections, someone could avoid serving. Conscientious objector available for limited noncombatant military service. All Rights Reserved. The latter class was eliminated on 3-6-43 with the introduction of the "(H)" identifier. So he must have pulled some … Conscientious objector who would otherwise be in Class I-D or I-E. Conscientious objector separated from work of national importance other than by issuance of a Certificate of Release. Deferred, aged 28 and over (men who had attained the 28th anniversary of the date of their birth on or before July 1, 1941, or on the 1st day of July of any subsequent year, and were therefore, not acceptable to the armed forces). Rejected for military service, physical, mental, or moral reasons, and age 38 to 44 inclusive. II-A previously found qualified for limited military service. It would have been impossible to raise the necessary forces with only volunteers. Desertions did occur, but they were not widespread. Deferred in support of national health, safety, or interest (merged into Class II-B effective 8-31-45). I do not know many grandparents of people that were of age and never served like mine. The first peacetime conscription in the United States, the act required all American men between the ages of 21 and 36 to register for the draft. The Selective Service Act, inaugurated on September 16, 1940, applied to men from their 21 st birthday through the last day of their 44 th year for potential enlistment, while men 18 through 65 had to register for the draft. "[6] The Senate approved it by a wider margin, and Roosevelt signed the Service Extension Act of 1941 into law on August 18. By the early summer of 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked the U.S. Congress to extend the term of duty for the draftees beyond twelve months to a total of thirty months, plus any additional time that he could deem necessary for national security. The draft for WWI was done from 1917-1918. The terminal point of service was extended to the duration of the conflict plus six months. Draftees were selected by national lottery. Deferred in agriculture, age 38 to 44 inclusive. Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941, millions of American men entered the United States military's ranks both by volunteering and by conscription. The push for draft legislation came from a small group of leaders that had been in the pre-World War I"Preparedness" movement. If one person was left to take care of an ill parent would that exclude them from war service in WW2? During WWII, the Selective Service System conducted six draft registrations; these records are held collectively in two groupings at the National Archives - St. Louis. Available for military service after correction of defects. WWII Selective Service Records: The National Archives - St. Louis maintains World War II Selective Service Records. II-C previously rejected for military service. If you were drafted into the military during World War II, how long were you required to serve. Joined: Jul 7, 2008 Messages: 9,713 Likes Received: 1,501. Minister of religion or divinity student, age 38 to 44 inclusive. And what did Australian soldiers do when they went to WW2? Aaron akf86surf, Apr 12, 2011 #1. brndirt1 Saddle Tramp. Available for noncombatant limited military service (Conscientious objector). Acceptable for military service, age 38 to 44 inclusive. See also Draft Deferment. Reconstructed for enemy alien not acceptable to armed forces and certain neutral aliens. Most Americans when war broke out in Europe (1939) were determined to stay out of it. From 1-1-43, men 38 to 44 years old were classified in Class IV-H. On 7-6-45, the regulations governing Class IV-A were simplified to include all men 38 and older. Later, when the U.S. entered World War II, all men from their 18th birthday until the day before their 45th birthday were made subject to military service, and all men from their 18th birthday until the day before their 65th birthday were required to register.[2]. Deferred student, fit for limited military service and available not later than July 1, 1941. [7] These letters were an acronym for "Over the hill in October", which meant that the men intended to desert upon the end of their twelve months of duty. Lower numbers were called first. Michael Ray The draft had produced a military that could not only stand up to Germany and Japan, but could decisively defeat them. Slightly less than two years? It was called the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 (54 Stat. The government did “draft” (involuntarily conscript) a lot retirees, but not for combat. Nothing contained in this Act shall be constructed to require any person to be subject to combatant training and service in the land and naval forces of the United States who, by reason of religious training and belief, is conscientiously opposed to participation in war in any form. Available for noncombatant military service, age 38 to 44 inclusive. 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